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事业心强,为人豁达大方,幽默风趣。 笃信:人生就是一次短暂的旅行。生命的尽头,才是驿站。 已出版《肖渥拉书法摄影集》、《肖渥拉自选小说集》,散文集《人间自有真情在》、《缘分的天空》, 诗集《岁月如歌》、《穿越浪漫的爱情世纪》、《还原本色》、《我眼睛和你心对白 》。

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【随笔】 目前诗歌境况的断想 (原创)  

2010-01-06 01:41:50|  分类: 人在旅途 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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【随笔】 目前诗歌境况的断想 (原创) - 博雅.wolaxiao - 博雅.wolaxiao的博客

      

目前诗歌境况的断想

                                                                        文/博雅.wolaxiao

 

        诗歌和哲学一样,值得人类永不止息地探究。
  当前,不是受众不接受诗,而是不喜欢平庸的诗。诗的好坏很难下定义,尤其现代诗摆脱了格律的束缚,人们评价诗反而失去标准了。

        但,有几个特点是好诗普遍具备的。
  诗意。亚里士多德说过:“诗有翱翔的翅膀!”一首好诗当有让人能进入的意境、耐咀嚼的韵味,它能攫住人的灵魂,陶冶情操。诗意并不局限于文字,它是对俗世的升华。人生最大的享受是“诗意”。而当代“诗人”多把诗意片面地理解成文字美。

        思想。它是一切文学的灵魂,诗歌亦然。形式只是表象,而着重内涵的思想。好的诗歌是航海的灯塔,战士的投枪,游侠的利剑,时代的缩影。诗歌如果缺少思想,而只注重外在技巧和华丽辞藻,终究只会败读者的胃口。

        含蓄。诗歌切忌直露,要在意境中表达,并让读者能看懂。含蓄不同于晦涩。晦涩是掩盖思想苍白的方式,所以就写得让人读不懂,读不懂就难以挑出毛病。没人能读懂的诗,惶论审美价值?!

        凝练。诗歌是最为凝练的文学,足显诗人的文字功力。诗人凭籍对语言的绝对掌握和熟练使用修辞,以求凝练!而不是靠简单的缩减字数,分行分段。  

        当今时代,人们只注重结果,在过程中不惜取巧,不惜作假。如果,中国诗歌只照抄照搬西方流派或主义,而没取其精髓弃其糟粕,又怎能繁荣?怎么崛起?

 

        时下,正在竭力使诗歌“冲出牢笼”的中坚力量,是网络诗歌的繁荣产生出来的一批“新生代”诗人和一群80年代出名、如今“重出江湖”的中年诗人。前者的大举介入,使沉寂已久的诗坛重新热闹起来,为诗歌队伍增添了人气;而后者的复出,更为诗歌的复兴提供了强有力的佐证,许多中年诗人纷纷出版了自己的诗集,让诗歌重新发出自己的声音。

        写诗的人正在试图改变着诗歌的处境,那么诗歌的现状究竟如何呢?某文化图书出版公司曾经做过一次有关“现在你看中国当代诗歌吗?”的社会调查,很多人都有茫然不屑的神情。难得有人停下步子接受咨询,说过去曾经喜欢读现代诗,但现在感到困惑。

        一向被喻为“愤靑”的诗人们,倒是以平常的心态面对当前诗歌的生存状态。我接触过的几位诗坛大家都有这样一个共识:全民诗歌时代已经过去,时下的诗歌找到了与社会的和谐关系,状态是正常的。著名诗歌评论家谢冕认为,现代诗歌逐渐在给自己定位,经过80年代的过热和90年代的彷徨消沉期,进入二十一世纪后重新发现自己的生存空间,并通过朗诵会、进入主流诗歌刊物和网络等形成良性互动。

 

        诗人们不再自命清高。他们大多有一份赖以维生的工作,写诗只是一种爱好、一种闲适与守持。在放弃了以诗人身份干预社会的同时,他们更多地以间接方式将诗歌渗透在公众生活之中。

        当然,也有一些诗人固守着边缘和小众的诗歌“本位”。

        诗人杨克说,诗歌的想象空间很大,不一定要每个人都读懂,理想的状态是使人读后产生不同的理解,作者与读者产生良性互动。而北岛则认为,他现在的诗与从前相比,更想探讨自己内心历程,也更复杂。他早就意识到了与读者的距离,但并不想刻意拉近这种距离。他说,商业化败了诗歌的火,但读诗的人数不重要,重要的是什么人在读。只要中国的知识分子圈里还有人在读诗,诗歌就有存在的价值。 

         备注:拙文是诗集《穿越浪漫的爱情世纪》的后记 

【随笔】 目前诗歌境况的断想 (原创) - 博雅.wolaxiao - 博雅.wolaxiao的博客

 

                                                                  The current situation of poetry
                                                                                
Text/Boya .wolaxiao
 
        Poetry and philosophy, worthy of mankind eternally.
  At present, not the audience do not accept poetry, but don't like the mediocre poetry. Poetry is good or bad it is difficult to define, especially modern poetry from the bondage of metrics, people have lost their standard evaluation of poetry.
        However, there are several common characteristics are good poetry.
  Poetic. Aristotle said: "poetry is soaring wings!" a good poem when people get into the mood, chewing flavor, it is able to grasp the soul of man, and stately sentiment. Poetry is not limited to text, it is the sublimation of the secular world. The greatest pleasure is the "poetic". And the more modern "poet" unilaterally the poetic Word.
        Thought. It is the soul of all literature, poetry. Merely the form, and focus on the content of thought. Good poetry is the navigational lighthouse, soldiers, Spears, swords of the Lone Ranger, the epitome of the era. Poetry without thinking, only to focus on external skills and flourishes, it will only be defeated by the readers of taste.
        Implicit. Poems do not directly exposed to the expression in the mood, and let the reader can understand. Implicit is different than the obscure. Obscure conceal thought pale, so I write more people, it is difficult to fault. No one can read poems, someone on the aesthetic value of?!
        Concise. Poetry is the most concise literature, poet writing skill. The poet has absolute mastery of language and rhetoric, proficient in order to foster! rather simple reduction of the number of words, branch.  
        Our age, people only focus on results, not in the process, he does not hesitate to fraud and trickery. If the Chinese poems only copying Western genre or doctrine, rather than take its essence to abandon the dross, how can the rising prosperity? how?
 
        Nowadays, are struggling to make poetry "stormed out of the cage", is the backbone of the network's prosperity produced by a group of "new generation" poet and a group of 80 's famous, now the "political" middle-aged poet. Massive intervention of the former, the silence of the long-awaited new poetry, poetry in the lively team added popularity; while the latter's comeback, more poetic revival provides strong evidence that many middle-aged poets have published their own poems, poetry reissue your own voice.
        Writing poetry people are attempting to change the situation of the poetry, the poetry of the status quo? a culture books have an "now you see China contemporary poetry?," social investigation, many dazed disdain. Ever stopped to accept advice, said pace in the past, like reading modern poetry, but now I'm confused.
        Has been hailed as "angry qing" poets, but commonplace attitude in the face of the current state of poetry. I contacted several verses that everyone has such a consensus is past national poetry, the poetry of nowadays found a harmonious relationship with society, the State is normal. Famous poetry critic Xie Mian was of the view that modern poetry began to position itself, through the 1980s and 1990s overheated yea depression period, into the 21st century is to rediscover their own survival, and through the recitation, entering the mainstream poetry publications and networks forming a virtuous interactions.
 
        Poets took longer. Most of them have a job, write poetry was just a hobby, a leisure and keep holding. In the abandoned social intervention as a poet, they more indirectly to poetry in public life.
        Of course, there was some cling to poets and poetry of the minority on the edge of the "standard".
        Poet Yang said, poetic imagination is very large, not necessarily to everyone to read, ideally to read after different interpretations, the author and reader interaction. While the North Island you think he now compared with the previous verse, to explore their inner journey, but also more complex. He had been aware of the distance with readers, but do not want to deliberately narrowed this distance. He said that the commercial failure of the fire, but reading the numbers are as important as what people are reading. As long as China's intellectual circles, there are people reading poems, poetry is worthwhile.

 

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